Updates from February, 2018 Toggle Comment Threads | Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Coane and Associates,PLLC 3:39 pm on February 14, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: i9, ICE, w4, Work authorization, work permit   

    Employers will be seeing stepped-up Immigration Inspections 

    In a recent article in the Houston Chronicle, it was noted that ICE will engage in stepped-up enforcement at work-sites, looking for undocumented workers or other violations of immigration law.

    cronice

    http://www.houstonchronicle.com/business/columnists/tomlinson/article/Employers-should-prepare-for-immigration-12486366.php

    It is unlawful for an employer to hire or employ a person who is not a citizen or otherwise authorized to work in the United States.

    There are severe penalties for employers that fail to get a properly completed I-9 form from every worker. These forms are just as important as the W-4 or background check done for every new worker.

    If the I-9 form is not properly signed or dated, or missing information, there can be huge paperwork penalties that amount to tens of thousands of dollars. This Houston immigration lawyer and Miami immigration lawyer has defended businesses on such cases in the past, helping clients to avoid huge penalties.

    The other issue is that if ICE wants to, they can criminally charge the employer and arrest the owners of the business if they find any undocumented workers. It is very important for employers to make sure that their workers are all properly documented, or the employer should consider terminating the worker or helping them to apply for a work permit. Even for undocumented workers, there are often ways to get work permits.

    For further information, I may be reached at bruce.coane@gmail.com or at 713.850.0066 or 305.538.6800.

     

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  • Coane and Associates,PLLC 3:52 pm on February 13, 2018 Permalink | Reply  

    Colapso Inmigratorio… ¿TPS? Soñadores? ¿Migración de cadena? 

    A medida que nuestro sistema de inmigración continúa siendo noticia de primera plana, he observado como todo el sistema se derrite literalmente. Como Abogado de Inmigración Certificado por la Junta directiva, mi trabajo consiste en encontrar soluciones como una barricada tras la barricada puesta ante mis clientes individuales y comerciales. En este reciente artículo en la revista Playboy, fui citado en relación con la revocación de TPS y permisos de trabajo para más de 200,000 personas de El Salvador en los Estados Unidos.

    El-salvador_main

    http://www.playboy.com/articles/what-could-happen-if-the-president-actually-tries-to-deport-200-000

    No, estas 200,000 personas no son miembros de la pandilla MS-13, más bien han sido completamente investigados y pasaron todos los controles de seguridad. A medida que el presidente y sus designados revocan programa tras programa y cierran caminos para la inmigración, los ciudadanos regulares se defienden. Como mencioné en el artículo anterior, hay soluciones disponibles para los salvadoreños, pero ninguna será tan fácil como simplemente renovar su estatus TPS y permisos de trabajo como lo han hecho durante más de una década.

    Con respecto a los Dreamers, el problema ha estado causando la amenaza de cierres del gobierno. Por supuesto, todo el asunto fue creado cuando nuestro Presidente revocó el estado Dreamer (DACA) para los cientos de miles de jóvenes que salieron de las sombras para solicitar este beneficio del gobierno, con la promesa de permisos de trabajo al registrarse. A diferencia de TPS, su servidor, abogado de inmigración de Houston y abogado de inmigración en Miami les informa que no hubo nada “temporal” sobre el programa DACA. Fue establecido por una orden ejecutiva del Presidente Obama, que el actual Presidente ha revocado, creando así el problema DACA.

    No es mi trabajo criticar al presidente, así que permítanme señalar que estoy de acuerdo con él en que debería haber una solución permanente para DACA, pero revocar y cancelar el programa puede no haber sido la mejor manera de llegar a esa solución. Por otro lado, tal vez el Presidente lo vio como una forma de presionar al Congreso para tratar el tema, aunque a expensas de los cientos de miles de jóvenes que tienen que preocuparse diariamente por su estatus migratorio.

    Finalmente, está la noción de inmigración en cadena, una frase que jamás escuché en mis décadas de experiencia como abogado de inmigración en Houston. Quizás debería comenzar por decir que me especializo en la migración en cadena, junto con mis otras especialidades de inmigración, pero a decir verdad, esa frase no existe en ninguna parte de la ley. Como Abogado de Inmigración Certificado por la Junta Directiva, no tengo idea de qué es la migración en cadena.

    Según algunos de los discursos del Presidente, al parecer se refiere a nuestro sistema de inmigración basada en la familia. Según nuestras leyes, hay dos formas principales de inmigrar a los Estados Unidos, De acuerdo a nuestras leyes, la inmigración basada en negocios y la inmigración basada en la familia. También hay otras formas, como los refugiados, etc., pero estas son las dos formas principales de inmigrar.

    La inmigración basada en la familia es nuestro sistema legal donde los ciudadanos estadounidenses pueden traer a su cónyuge, padres y / o hijos. Un ciudadano de EE. UU. También puede patrocinar a un hermano o hermana, pero esa categoría de inmigración generalmente toma de 15 a 25 años, dependiendo del país de origen. Por lo tanto, mediante la migración en cadena, ¿el régimen actual trata de evitar que un ciudadano estadounidense patrocine a su esposo o esposa nacido en el extranjero para que viva con el en los EE. UU? ¿Pretenden evitar que los hijastros nacidos en el extranjero o los abuelos que a menudo cuidan a los niños, vengan a los Estados Unidos? Esta es una cuestión aun sin responder.

    Como la frase “migración en cadena” no existe en la ley, tal vez signifique revocar toda inmigración basada en la familia, o tal vez sea un concepto en desarrollo revocar la mayor cantidad de leyes posible que permitan la inmigración basada en la familia. Cabe recalcar que las mismas leyes basadas en la familia que permiten a mis clientes de Noruega patrocinar a sus padres o hijos para venir a Estados Unidos son las mismas leyes que permiten a mis clientes haitianos y filipinos patrocinar a su cónyuge e hijos y padres para que vengan a los Estados Unidos

    Espero que este artículo les ayude a entender el debate actual sobre inmigración. Es importante saber exactamente qué dicen realmente la ley y las regulaciones federales, en lugar de generalizar y afirmar que todos los que cruzan la frontera ilegalmente son traficantes de drogas y pandilleros MS-13 (¡no podría estar más lejos de la verdad!), O que todos los inmigrantes (o un gran porcentaje) son criminales. Estoy seguro de que el mismo pequeño porcentaje de la población inmigrante que es criminal, coincide (o es incluso menor) con el porcentaje de estadounidenses nativos que son criminales. Notarás que aquellos que buscan detener la inmigración legal a este país no citan ningún estudio o estadística válida, sino que citan un accidente automovilístico o un asesinato cometido por un inmigrante, mientras que miles de incidentes similares, tristemente, son cometidos por estadounidenses nacidos aquí todos los días.

    Finalmente, prometí mencionar el “colapso”. A medida que el régimen actual cancela los programas de inmigración y busca nuevas leyes para deportar a tantas personas como sea posible, también se están desacelerando y luchando contra la aprobación de casos legales de inmigración en todo el país. Para las empresas con trabajadores extranjeros aprobados, el gobierno ha anunciado que volverán a visitar esas aprobaciones y, en muchos casos, están reclamando errores en las aprobaciones y cancelando permisos de trabajo o revocándolos. Esto se ve en todo el país con los permisos de trabajo válidos H-1B y L-1. En nuestro bufete de abogados, afortunadamente, hemos tenido éxito en la lucha y en mantener a nuestros trabajadores extranjeros de nuestros clientes legítimamente empleados, pero no es fácil y es costoso. En otros casos, se acumularon grandes retrasos en la inmigración legal, mientras que al mismo tiempo, el gobierno ha insistido en acelerar los casos de deportación.

    Para obtener más información, su servidor,  abogado de inmigración de Houston y abogado de inmigración de Miami puede ser contactado en bruce.coane@gmail.com, o al 713.850.0066 o 305.538.6800.

     
  • Coane and Associates,PLLC 3:11 pm on February 9, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , DACA, GreenCard, H1B, L1, , VISA   

    Immigration Meltdown…..TPS? Dreamers? Chain Migration? 

    As our immigration system continues to be front-page news, I’ve been watching the entire system literally melt down. As a Board Certified Immigration Lawyer, it is my job to come up with solutions as roadblock after roadblock is placed before my individual and business clients. In this recent article in Playboy magazine, I was quoted in connection with the revocation of TPS and work permits for over 200,000 people from El Salvador in the U.S.

    El-salvador_main

    http://www.playboy.com/articles/what-could-happen-if-the-president-actually-tries-to-deport-200-000

    No, these 200,000 people are not MS-13 gang members, rather they have been fully vetted and passed all security checks. As the president and his appointees revoke program after program and shut down paths to immigration, regular citizens are fighting back. As I mention in the article above, there are solutions available for Salvadorans, but none will be as easy as simply renewing their TPS status and work permits as they have done for over a decade.

    With regard to Dreamers, this issue has been causing the threat of government shutdowns. Of course, the whole issue was created when our president revoked Dreamer status (DACA) for the hundreds of thousands of young people who came out of the shadows to apply for this government benefit, with the promise of work permits for registering themselves. Unlike TPS, this Houston immigration lawyer and Miami immigration lawyer reports that there was nothing “temporary” about the DACA program. It was established by an executive order of President Obama, which the current president has revoked, thus creating a DACA problem.

    It is not my job to criticize the president, so let me point out that I do agree with him that there should be a permanent solution to DACA, but revoking and canceling the program may have not been the best way to reach that permanent solution. On the other hand, perhaps the president viewed it as a way to put pressure on Congress to deal with the issue, albeit at the expense of the hundreds of thousands of people who have to worry daily about their immigration status.

    Finally, there is the notion of chain migration, a phrase that I never heard before in my decades of experience as a Houston immigration lawyer. Perhaps I should start saying that I specialize in chain migration, together with my other immigration specialties, but truth be told, that phrase exists nowhere in the law. As a Board Certified Immigration Lawyer, I have no idea what chain migration is.

    According to some of the president’s speeches, it apparently refers to our system of family-based immigration. Under our laws, there are two main ways to immigrate to America, namely business-based immigration and family-based immigration. There are other ways too, such as refugees, etc, but these are the two main ways to come here.

    Family-based immigration is our legal system where U.S. citizens can bring over their spouse, parents and/or children. A U.S. citizen can also sponsor a brother or sister, but that category of immigration typically takes 15 to 25 years, depending on country of origin. So, by chain migration, does the current regime seek to stop a U.S. citizen from sponsoring their foreign-born husband or wife from living with them in the U.S.? Do they seek to stop foreign-born step-children or the grandparents who often babysit, from coming to the U.S.? This is an open question left up to anyone’s guess.

    Since the “chain migration” phrase does not exist in the law, maybe it means to revoke all family-based immigration, or maybe it is a developing concept to revoke as many laws as possible that allow family-based immigration. I will note that the same family-based laws that allow my clients from Norway to sponsor their parents or children to come to America, are the same exact laws that allow my Haitian and Filipino clients to sponsor their spouse and children and parents to come to the U.S.

    I hope this article helps in understanding the current immigration debate. It is important to know exactly what the law and federal regulations actually say, rather than to generalize and claim that all illegal border crossers are drug dealers and MS-13 gang members (couldn’t be further from the truth!), or that all immigrants (or a large percentage) are criminals. I’m sure that the same small percentage of the immigration population that is criminal, matches (or is even less than) the percentage of native born Americans who are criminals. You will notice that those who seek to stop legal immigration to this country do not cite to any valid studies or statistics, rather they cite to a car accident here or a murder there that was committed by an immigrant, while thousands of similar incidents, sadly, are committed by local born Americans every day.

    Finally, I promised to mention the “meltdown.” As the current regime cancels immigration programs and seeks new laws to deport as many people as possible, they are also slowing down and fighting the approval of legal immigration cases across the country. For businesses with approved foreign workers, the government has announced they will re-visit those approvals and in many cases, they are claiming errors in approvals and canceling work permits or revoking them. This is seen across the country with those on valid H-1B and L-1 work permits. At our law firm, thankfully, we have generally been successful in fighting back and keeping our foreign worker clients legitimately employed, but it is not easy and it is expensive. On other cases, huge backlogs have been created for legal immigration, while at the same time, the government has insisted on expediting deportation cases.

    For further information, this Houston immigration lawyer and Miami immigration lawyer may be reached at bruce.coane@gmail.com, or at 713.850.0066 or 305.538.6800.

     
  • Coane and Associates,PLLC 5:17 pm on December 5, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    U.S.Immigration Laws: Do Not Enter! 

    banpic

    It didn’t take long after yesterday’s Supreme Court ruling upholding the Muslim travel ban, that I got a frantic email today concerning a Pakistani Muslim woman stopped at the Houston airport and banned from entering the U.S.

    This is despite the fact that she has a valid visitor visa and that Pakistan is not even on the list of banned Muslim countries.

    Prior to yesterday’s court ruling, I had already seen an uptick in unusual denials of visitor visas at USA embassies abroad. Frequent travelers who have had visas before have been going for renewals and finding that they are arbitrarily denied, and  they are being asked obscure questions about prior visits.

    While the travel ban is limited to just a handful of countries, this Houston immigration lawyer and Miami immigration lawyer states that the practical effect is that Muslims in all countries are likely to have a much more difficult time getting a visa or entering the country. The “America First” policy, however, is not limited to excluding Muslims. I have recently seen visas denied to individuals from Ukraine, Africa and other places, where those same people had visas in the past.

    For further information, I can be reached at bruce.coane@gmail.com or 713.850.0066 or 305.538.6800.

     

     

     
  • Coane and Associates,PLLC 9:28 pm on October 27, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Visa E-2 de Inversionista por Tratado Comercial 

    En nuestra sección de invitados, el post de hoy es de la abogada Ana G. Kyburg, quien se especializa en derecho de inmigración. En su post, la Sra. Kyburg describe los elementos y características de la visa E-2 de inversionista bajo tratado.

    La visa E-2 de inversionista bajo tratado es una buena opción para aquellas personas que desean invertir en los Estados Unidos y garantizar la supervisión de los fondos de inversión. Se trata de una visa no inmigrante que, en principio, tendría una duración inicial de 2 años, y podría ser prorrogada por otros 2 años de manera ilimitada, salvo por ciertas excepciones.

    Habiendo ya experimentado la preparación, tramitación, y aprobación de visas E-2 para clientes de nuestra firma, me gustaría compartir algunos datos sobre este tipo de visa no inmigrante.

    En primer lugar, la visa E-2 se encuentra disponible para inversores provenientes de un país con el cual los Estados Unidos mantenga un tratado comercial. ¿Cómo puede una persona saber si es ciudadana de un país que mantiene este tipo de tratado con los Estados Unidos? La respuesta se encuentra aquí: https://mx.usembassy.gov/es/visas-es/inversionistas/

    Los interesados en aplicar a la visa E-2 no solo tienen que ser ciudadanos de un país que mantenga un tratado de comercio y navegación con los Estados Unidos, sino que también deben realizar una inversión substancial de capital en un negocio en los Estados Unidos. Ciertos empleados de tal negocio con un cargo ejecutivo o supervisor pueden llegar a calificar para obtener la visa E-2.

    En definitiva, los requisitos generales para calificar para una visa no inmigrante E-2 inversionista de tratado son los siguientes:

    • Ser ciudadano de un país con el cual los Estados Unidos mantiene un tratado de comercio y navegación;
    • Haber invertido, o encontrarse activamente en el proceso de invertir, una suma substancial de capital en una empresa o negocio de buena fe en los Estados Unidos;
    • Entrar a los Estados Unidos con la sola intención de desarrollar y dirigir la empresa/negocio en el cual se invierte. Esto puede demostrarse probando ser el dueño de al menos el 50% de la empresa o teniendo control operacional a través de un puesto gerencial.

    Bajo el régimen de la visa E-2 por tratado, una inversión consiste en la puesta en riesgo, en sentido comercial, de capital, incluyendo fondos u otros bienes, con el objetivo de generar ganancia. El capital debe estar sujeto a pérdida parcial o total en el supuesto en que la inversión fracase. Es muy importante que el inversionista de tratado demuestre que los fondos no han sido obtenidos de manera ilegal. Asimismo, la empresa en la cual se invierte no debe ser marginal, es decir, debe poseer la capacidad (ya sea en el presente o en el futuro) de generar suficiente ganancia como para que el inversor por tratado y su familia puedan vivir.

    La visa E-2 puede ser tramitada dentro de los Estados Unidos, ingresando en USCIS el Formulario I-129 y solicitando el cambio de status a E-2, o desde el exterior, a través de un Consulado u Embajada de los Estados Unidos.

    El proceso de tramitación de este tipo de visa no inmigrante requiere de un detallado análisis de la documentación contable de la empresa, y el sometimiento de determinada evidencia clave. Nuestra firma cuenta con abogados experimentados en visas E-2 de inversionista bajo tratado. Si usted tiene preguntas acerca de este tipo de visa no inmigrante o desea comenzar su tramitación, estaríamos más que felices en brindarles nuestros servicios.

    Para más información nos pueden contactar al 713-850-0066 o al 305-538-6800, también pueden mandar un correo electrónico a bruce.coane@gmail.com.

     
  • Coane and Associates,PLLC 8:01 pm on October 17, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    October in Miami: A Lawyer’s Perspective 

    Here is the view from the office of this Miami immigration lawyer and Miami  discrimination lawyer, today. Our staff is diligently working on our clients’ immigration and discrimination cases from our Florida headquarters in South Beach.

    IMG_1920

    IMG_1919

    While I will be back in our Houston office tomorrow, I personally prefer the view from our South Beach office. Today, I was working on a couple of our local discrimination cases against Kohl’s Department Store and against Checker’s. We are representing clients before the Miami EEOC in discrimination cases against those two companies. Also, we are working on preparing Summons documents after suing Johnson and Wales University in Miami for allegedly discriminating against our client, a Native American at that school. And, finally, we are working on a lawsuit against the Oppenheimer & Co. for religious discrimination where our Jewish client was allegedly taunted with bagel jokes and other derogatory religious comments before they fired him.

    On the immigration side of our practice, I was so pleased to see the approval of our horse trainer client’s case today. We have been working on that case for ten years and it finally got approved. In these times of America First, it is not easy to be getting foreign worker applications approved. However, in this case of the horse trainer from Mexico, we tested the labor market and were able to prove that there were no available USA workers for the job.

    For further information, I can be reached at 713.850.0066 or 305.538.6800, or via email at bruce.coane@gmail.com

     
    • Anonymous 3:17 pm on October 18, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      You are the best Mr Coane

    • Jenn 7:54 pm on October 18, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Great work, Bruce!

      On Tue, Oct 17, 2017 at 3:01 PM, Coane and Associates, PLLC wrote:

      > Coane and Associates,PLLC posted: “Here is the view from the office of > this Miami immigration lawyer and Miami discrimination lawyer, today. Our > staff is diligently working on our clients’ immigration and discrimination > cases from our Florida headquarters in South Beach. While I will” >

  • Coane and Associates,PLLC 7:15 pm on June 12, 2012 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , immigrant investors,   

    Immigrant Investors at Record Levels in USA 

    Here is an interesting article about a growing trend of immigrant investors.

    Citizenship for Sale: Foreign Investors Flock to U.S.

    Not too long ago I spoke on a radio program about such investments that result in a green card for immigrants.

    The government allows green cards for two types of investments. For a passive investor, it is $500,000, and for an active investor who will start his/her own business, the investment is $1million.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________

    About the author: Bruce Coane is an attorney who specializes in labor and employment law and immigration law, with offices in Florida and Texas. He may be reached at houstonlaw@aol.com, 713-850-0066 or 305-538-6800.

     
  • Coane and Associates,PLLC 10:33 pm on December 30, 2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: civil violations, Fighting I-9 enforcement actions, I-9 penalty fees   

    Coane & Associates can help you with I-9 violations 

    The government continues to expand it’s enforcement of I-9 violations by employers. The government, through the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does audits and raids, in order to check on I-9 forms and/or illegal workers What is an employer to do?

    This blog addresses civil violations only. In many cases, employers are paying huge civil penalties. On the other hand, the government has expressly stated that they are looking to get criminal sanctions against employers. In those criminal penalty cases, an employer definitely needs representation by a criminal lawyer. However, in a case involving civil penalties, the question arises as to how the employer should defend.

    Our law firm has fought these civil penalty cases on behalf of employers and obtained some excellent settlements. While I have read of cases where employers paid hundreds of thousands of dollars in civil penalties, one must wonder, why? Why would an employer choose to pay a huge settlement when they have a good chance of successfully fighting a case and/or getting a significantly lesser penalty? Of course, if the government is threatening criminal sanctions, then the payment of large civil penalties may make sense, but, if there is no specific threat of criminal charges, an employer should seriously consider fighting the proposed penalties.

    A civil action for I-9 penalty fees is just like any other civil litigation, except it occurs before an administrative judge. However, the same rules and procedures of real courts generally apply. Those procedures include mediation, settlement, discovery, etc. Our experience is that employers can defend by taking depositions and using other discovery tools to obtain favorable testimony and evidence. Once that evidence and testimony is gathered, the government may be much more willing to settle for a reasonable amount, which could be far less than the tens or hundreds of thousands of dollars they would typically get.

    For employers needing representation in these types of cases, which we handle all across the United States, they may contact me directly at my personal email, houstonlaw@aol.com, or call our offices at 713-850-0066 or 305-538-6800.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Bruce Coane is a leading lawyer with 30 years of experience in the field of immigration law and employment law. He may be reached via email at houstonlaw@aol.com or his website at Coane and Associates.

     
  • Coane and Associates,PLLC 9:20 am on November 8, 2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: entrepreneur visa, entrepreneur visa program, investor visas, National Foundation for American Policy   

    NFAP suggests Entrepreneur Visa program 

    A new report from the National Foundation for American Policy (NFAP) urges Congress to establish an entrepreneur visa program to foster job creation. The entrepreneur visa would allocate 10,000 visas per year to foreign citizens allowing them conditional residency in the U.S. The intending immigrant would be required to present a business plan to be evaluated by the U.S. Small Business Administration. Conditional status would be removed and a green card awarded after two years if the individual satisfied the terms of the visa by creating three or more non-relative U.S. workers.

    The proposed entrepreneur visa program is separate from the EB-5 investor visa. The current investor immigrant visa program requires a capital investment of $500,000 or more and is out of reach for most prospective immigrants. There is no minimum capital requirement specified in the entrepreneur visa program. Check out the press release from the NFAP website: http://www.nfap.com/pressreleases/NFAP092010.pdf

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Bruce Coane is a leading lawyer with 30 years of experience in the field of immigration law and employment law. He may be reached via email at houstonlaw@aol.com or his website at Coane and Associates.

     
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